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Learn Near Protocol - PerfectionGeeks

NEAR Contracts - Learn Near Protocol

 Near Protocol

NEAR Protocol is a layer-1 blockchain that utilizes Nightshade, an innovative sharding technique that allows scaling. It was first introduced in 2020 as a cloud decentralized infrastructure that hosts decentralized apps (DApps).

NEAR provides cross-chain interoperability via its Rainbow Bridge and a layer-2 solution known as Aurora. Users can connect ERC-20 tokens and assets on Ethereum's Ethereum blockchain into NEAR Protocol. NEAR Protocol network, which provides them with more efficient processing and lower transaction costs.

NEAR is the primary token for the NEAR Protocol. It is used to pay the fees for storage and transactions. NEAR token holders can place their tokens on the NEAR wallet to get benefits or vote on governance plans.


With the rise of blockchain technology and cryptocurrency, we're becoming more well-known; Bitcoin, Ethereum, and other networks have begun to face scaling issues due to the increased demand. The increasing demand for decentralized applications and NFTs, or non-fungible currencies (NFTs), creates these issues, especially evident for Ethereum. Ethereum blockchain. The Ethereum blockchain is often faced with increased expenses for gas and transactions because of the high volume of traffic, which could be a deterrent for both developers and users.

A variety of teams are exploring various scaling solutions for blockchain networks, and the NEAR Protocol (NEAR) group is focused on overcoming the problems with Sharding.

What is NEAR Protocol?

NEAR Protocol is a layer one blockchain that uses sharding technology to attain the ability to scale. NEAR uses smart contracts and uses its Proof of Stake (PoS) consensus mechanism to safeguard its network. Built by the NEAR Collective, the NEAR Protocol was co-founded by Alex Skidanov and Illia Polosukhin in 2020. The project is currently being created as a cloud operated by the community infrastructure to host decentralized applications (DApps).

The NEAR platform comes with a broad selection of programming languages and tools and smart contracts with cross-chain capabilities to aid developers in building DApps. The platform has a simple onboarding procedure and has accounts with human-readable names, not cryptocurrency-based wallet addresses. As a PoS Blockchain, NEAR was awarded the Climate Neutral Product Label in 2021 to be carbon-neutral.

How does NEAR Protocol work?

To compete with other blockchains that are smart contract enabled, such as Ethereum, EOS, and Polkadot NEAR implements several aspects of its ecosystem to improve the performance of its platform.

Nightshade Sharding

Nightshade is the leading technology behind NEAR. Nightshade is the core technology of NEAR blockchain. The sharding technique makes data processing more efficient. Sharding refers to splitting the process of processing transactions over several validator nodes. So each node handles just a tiny fraction of the transactions in the network and lets for a higher volume of transactions in a second (TPS).

In NEAR, Nightshade utilizes block producers and validators to process transaction data simultaneously across several shards. Each shard is responsible for producing an amount of the following block. Each fraction is known as a chunk. The chunks are processed and saved onto the NEAR Protocol blockchain to finalize the transactions that they hold.

Nightshade may allow NEAR to process thousands of simultaneous transactions without affecting the performance in the theory of things. Based on the condition of the network, it will divide and join the shards according to the network's usage and traffic. If the network is operating in high demand and there are more nodes, the amount will rise. The overall efficiency is maintained, and transaction charges can be reduced.

Contrary to other PoS networks, validated participants will not contest to win the block by their stake. Instead, NEAR utilizes an election process known as"the Thresholded proof of stake (pos) to choose validators. The TPoS process is similar to an auction where a huge number of potential validators indicate the amount of NEAR token they'd like to put up in an agreed-upon transaction. TPoS will then decide the minimum amount required to be validators in every period (typically 12 hours). If you staked more than the threshold will be allowed to be chosen as validators in proportion to the stake they placed.

Rainbow Bridge

Rainbow Bridge is an application that runs on NEAR that lets users transfer ERC-20 tokens and stablecoins, wrapped tokens and even NFTs between Ethereum and NEAR blockchains. As a result, developers and users can benefit from the increased capacity and lower cost of the NEAR Protocol. NEAR Protocol.

The Rainbow Bridge is fully permissionless and decentralized. For bridge tokens to be bridged, customers can transfer ERC-20 assets straight via MetaMask and any other Web3 accounts to NEAR Wallet and vice-versa. The first step is to deposit the token into the Ethereum smart contract. Since the direct transfer of tokens cannot be done between the networks, the tokens will be secured and removed from circulation by Ethereum. The new tokens are made on NEAR to be able to represent the original ones. The total supply of tokens remains the same on both Blockchains.

Most transactions made on NEAR will be confirmed in about 2 to 3 seconds and cost less than $1. However, if the user wants to transfer the token to Ethereum, it could be more expensive in time and takes longer complete. Therefore, the final value of the token will be contingent on the current Ethereum usage and the gas prices.


Aurora acts as an additional layer platform based on the NEAR Protocol blockchain. It's designed to aid developers in developing their applications using an Ethereum-compliant platform with the lowest transaction cost for users. Per NEAR, Aurora can handle thousands of transactions in a second, with just 2 seconds of block validation time.

Aurora is comprised consisting of Aurora Engine along with its Aurora Bridge. Aurora Engine is an Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) that runs on the NEAR Protocol. It is compatible with Ethereum and works with all the tools within the Ethereum ecosystem. This allows developers to start working with NEAR without modifying their DApps or learning how to utilize new tools for development. It is also possible to utilize Aurora Bridge, which is the same technology as Aurora Bridge (the same technology used in the Rainbow Bridge), to seamlessly connect their smart contracts and ERC-20 tokens between Ethereum and NEAR Protocol blockchains. Users can also pay transaction costs using ETH through Aurora.

What's what is the NEAR symbol?

NEAR Protocol (NEAR) is the primary token used in NEAR Protocol (NEAR) is the native token of the NEAR ecosystem. It's an ERC-20 token that has a maximum supply of one billion. NEAR is a cryptocurrency that can be utilized to pay for storage and transaction fees through the system. Additionally, smart contract creators get a share of their contract's transaction fee. To ensure NEAR in the market, the remaining transaction fees are burned.

Token holders can stake their NEAR Wallet to earn rewards as well. For example, they can stake NEAR to allow validation nodes to earn rewards of up to 4.5 per cent of the total NEAR supply. They can also participate in the management of the NEAR network through voting on decisions and submitting suggestions related to the platform and its products.

How to buy NEAR on Binance?

You can purchase NEAR Protocol (NEAR) on cryptocurrency exchanges such as Binance.

1. Log into your Binance account and then click on [TradeLog into your Binance account and click [Trade. Choose either the traditional or advanced trade interface.

2. Click [BTC/USDT] to start the search box. Input "NEAR", and you'll see the trading pairs available. In this instance, we'll be using NEAR/BUSD.

3. Visit the box marked "Spot" on the right side and type in the NEAR amount you would like to purchase. You can choose to use various kinds of orders to make your purchase. For example, select an order type like Market order and then click [Buy Near]. Your NEAR coins will then be transferred into Your Spot Wallet.

Why do you need to build on NEAR Protocol? NEAR Protocol?

NEAR protocol is designed to remove the barriers created as a result of the adoption of web 3.0. It facilitates fast transactions at low processing costs. NEAR offers a strong and modern UX designed for dApp users who use an open platform for finance. It is environmentally friendly and has been recognized as one of the most effective marketplaces for digital markets. The mechanism of NEAR is founded on the sharding process and, as such, facilitates simple data retrieval and scaling of dApps on DeFi platforms.

NEAR employs an election method known as Threshold proof-of-stake (TPoS). Through this TPoS, NEAR creates a specific method for engaging many participants to keep the blockchain community. This increases the security and decentralization of Blockchain networks. Furthermore, using this TPoS method NEAR builds a fair reward system for dApp users.

Final thoughts

As the blockchain industry expands and platforms can provide reduced transaction costs as well as increased efficiency will play a significant role in mainstream adoption. NEAR's scaling options can draw developers who want to create more efficient DeFi-based products and Decentralized Applications (DApps). The NEAR roadmap includes additional development in Sharding and layer-2 cross-chain options to the size of its blockchain and eventually benefits developers and users.

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